Application Note: Determination of pesticides and persistent organic pollutants in honey by accelerated solvent extraction and GC-MS/MS

This customer application note describes the determination of pesticides and POPs in organic honey from in three different Italian regions, using GC-MS/MS with accelerated solvent extraction.

Honey is a natural product that is widely used for both nutritional and medicinal purposes. It is generally considered a natural and healthy product of animal origin, free of impurities. However, honeybees are subject to a number of viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases and infestations. Insecticides, fungicides, and acaricides are used to protect colonies against infestations from hive beetle and parasites like Varroa destructor and Acarapis woodi.

Although some organizations, such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)2 and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency,
approve the use of certain veterinary drugs, the European Union does not accept the use of antimicrobial drugs in beekeeping. In the European Union, No. 125 the use of veterinary medicines in beekeeping is regulated by the European Council (EC,1804/1999)4. According to this regulation, the use of allopathic, chemically synthesized medicinal products for preventive treatments in beekeeping
is prohibited, as these fat-soluble compounds can accumulate in the stored honey, where they are able to migrate into the wax comb.

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